From 'Holocaust by Bullets' to Auschwitz

Regional Dimensions of the Final Solution

Uzhhorod National University

Transcarpathia, Ukraine

16-18 June 2019

From 'Holocaust by Bullets' to Auschwitz

Regional Dimensions of the Final Solution

Uzhhorod National University

Transcarpathia, Ukraine

16-18 June 2019

a groundbreaking conference

Auschwitz Death Camp


The conference will provide an integrated and multi-dimensional view of the evolution of the Final Solution in Central and Eastern Europe. It aims to present new voices, new perspectives, and new approaches for understanding the Holocaust.  Most widely known images depict only the final chapter, the extermination of millions in gas chambers, however the ghettoization and subsequent extermination of millions between 1941-1943 was also carried out by lesser known (but equally lethal) 'person-to-person' methods: bullets. The conference connects the starting and final chapters and  the ongoing genocide between them. The conference will also commemorate the 75th anniversary of the Hungarian Holocaust.

Scientific Organizing Committee
Dr. George Eisen, Professor Emeritus & AVPAA—Chair, USA
Dr. Maarten

Organizers & Host Institution


1. Uzhhorod National University, Uzhhorod, is a leading higher education institution in the Transcarpathia region of Ukraine.


2. John Wesley Theological College houses 

the Institute for the Research of the Holocaust & Christianity, Budapest


3. Salisbury University, a prominent regional educational institution, is a member of the Maryland State University System, USA


4. Galicia Jewish Museum, Cracow



   As the host of the conference, the State University of Uzhhorod National University, Uzhhorod, was selected for its academic excellence as well as central location,  in a multi-ethnic, multi-cultural, and multi-lingual region. Transcarpathia has been populated through the centuries by Rusyns, Hungarians, Romanians, Slovakians, Germans  Jews and Roma. At the "cross-roads" of the region, Uzhhorod is easily accessible from the  neighboring countries by car or train. Overseas participants can fly to Budapest or other regional airports in Hungary and proceed by train.

S’tut vey!
S’tut shrecklekh vey!
It hurts!
It hurts terribly!
When not the foreign enemy,
But they!

Themes & Topics

Regional Implementation of the Holocaust: Comparative Perspectives

The evolution of the Holocaust: from Bullets to Gas Chambers

"The Silence of God:" Religion, Faith, and the Holocaust

Holocaust Education: Lessons for Future Generations

The Holocaust in Contemporary Political Discourse

The Holocaust in the Mirror of Literature, Art, Film and Music

Reconstituting a Community: Post Holocaust Generations

Perpetrators, Collaborators, & Rescuers in the Holocaust

Forgotten Victims: Roma, 'Homosexuals,' Jehovah Witnesses

Gender and Genocide

Students' Reflections: What Have They Learned about the Holocaust


Additional themes and topics relating to the Holocaust are welcomed



Dr. George Eisen, Professor Emeritus & AVPAA—Chair, USA

Dr. Maarten Pereboom, Dean, Salisbury University, USA

Dr. Oksana Sviezhentseva, Head of the Department of International Relations, UNU, Uzhhorod

Dr. Natalya Kubiniy, Professor, UNU, Uzhhorod

Dr. Tibor Deutsch, Professor Emeritus, SOTE, Budapest

Dr. Tamas Majsai, Professor, John Wesley Theological College, Budapest

Dr. Peter Tibor Nagy, Professor, John Wesley Theological College, Budapest

Ms. Peninah Zilberman, Director, Fundatia Tarbut Sighet Cultura si Educatie Iudaica, Romania

Rev. Matthew J. Temple, O. Carm. Ph.D. Nazareth College, USA

Dr. Zoltan Tibori Szabo, Director, Institute for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj, Romania  


(1) Expediting border crossing: our local organizers request that you send your name and passport number for an official letter of invitation that is also addressed to the respective border authorities.  Contact:

(2)Technical questions: Oleksiy Kurutsa is the person responsible for technological support. His email is Please contact him for any need of technical support or audio-visual equipment . Copy also the  

(3) Reminder:  the presentations overall are 20 minutes in length. Moderators will enforce this rule. 

(4) Language: those presenters that will deliver their paper in other than English should bring enough copies translated into English for distribution to the audience.  

(5) Ride Share: the organizers strongly encourage ride sharing from various  airports or train-stations. Communicate with fellow travelers or with the two transportation agencies which should assist you in this.   

(6) Reservation for hotel rooms is ongoing—consult the website.  

(7) Registration: local registration and name tags will be given  prior to the official opening—see program. Those who did not preregister, please  prepare cash in US dollars for the fee.

travel Information


(1) Overseas travelers advised to fly into Budapest. However, Vienna and Prague can also be an option. The train schedule, though, is more complicated than from Budapest. (2) For cheap flights inside Europe, the town of Debrecen in Hungary and Kosice in Slovakia also maintain an international airport. 

TRAIN: The easiest and most comfortable mode of transportation in Europe is by train. The passport and custom control is also easier on the train. From Budapest there is a twice-a-day direct train to Uzhhorod (Csop)--just across the Hungarian border.    However, if you are adventurous, you may take a train to the border town of Zahony and change into a local train for border crossing to Chop.  About schedule of trains, you may consult the website of the Hungarian railways. 

CAR & SHUTTLE SERVICE: There will also be available direct car service from the airports in Budapest, Debrecen,  and Kosice to Uzhhorod.  

Two travel companies have been identified. You may contact them directly for transportation:


Er-Voyage Passenger Transportation and  Logistics

C/O Tetyana Pashchenko


Direct Viber: +38 050 432 39 98


C/O Bela Huber


Direct Viber: +38 050 555 0641

Uzhhorod is in Western Ukraine on the Hungarian and Slovakian  borders. It is safe and delightful, harking back to the Hapsburg Empire. For general information about Uzhhorod click on   

Accommodations:  You may reserve  a room by directly contacting the respective hotel. 

Hotel `Uzhhorod`-- the largest hotel in the city. It's reasonably priced. 

Mobile: +38 050 377 6064

Hotel `Duet Plus`-- if you like history, this is a Soviet style hotel which retained a certain ambiance from the Brezhnev era.

Mobile: +38 095 41 18 158 

Art-Hotel `Emigrand`- small artsy hotel dedicated to Andy Warhol who was born in this region. Moderately priced.

Mobile: +38 067483 14 41 

The Synagogue of Uzhhorod--
Site of the Holocaust Memorial Concert

The Synagogue of Uzhhorod-- Site of the Holocaust Memorial Concert

optional trips for conference participants


Pre-Conference Trip June 11-15: AUSCHWITZ

Join the American students for an optional trip, in cooperation with the Galicia Jewish Museum in Krakow. The trip will include a visit to Auschwitz and its museum, the area of the ghetto of Krakow, tour of the Schindler factory, view of the exhibits in the Galicia  Jewish Museum, and an evening of Jewish culture. 

Post Conference Trip: "Vanished World:  Once Jews Lived Here" June 19-20 

Visit to the small village of Vilhivce (Irholc in Hungarian) in Transcarpathia.    

The shtetle, frozen in time, hosts two cemeteries and a synagogue, which was converted to a storage facility and has not been used since 1944. After a visit of these sites, a lecture about the history of the Jews of the village, their deportation and murder, and the reciting of the Kaddish in the synagogue will complement the visit.


The Trip will continue across the border to Sighet, Romania, the birth place of Elie Wiesel, where a tour of the town and a lecture will conclude the Field Trip. From there, the group will return to Budapest.

Tour of Budapest June 21-25:  

Interested participants may join the American delegation on a 4-day tour of Budapest. Special activities include an introduction to Jewish Budapest, visit of historical sites, and cultural events.  

Estimated Cost: in progress

The Synagogue of Vilhivce-Irholc 


Registration Fee: 

Students are free 

Discounted fee for participants from the seven countries of the region is US$30. 

A limited number of special scholarships will be available. 

All other registrants (to include The Americas, Asia, Australia and Western European participants) the fee is $50. 

Because of problems with bank-to-bank transfer, participants can remit their registration-fee during the registration at the conference!!! 

For additional Information or questions contact Conference Organizing Committee:

C/O Talia Eisen, 


Tel: +1 (585) 309-1717

Participant & Sponsoring organizations

A Special Thank You to the following entities and individuals for their support of the conference. This is only a preliminary list of sponsoring and/or participating organizations. Updates are provided periodically:

  • State University of Uzhhorod National University, Transcarpathia 
  • Salisbury University, Maryland
  • John Wesley Theological College, Budapest 
  • Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj, Romania
  • Jewish Theological Seminary--University of Jewish Studies, Budapest
  • "Stefan cel Mare" University of Suceava, Romania 
  • Galicia Jewish Museum, Krakow
  • Yahad-in Unum
  • CLIO Institute, Budapest
  • The Federation of Hungarian Jewish Communities, Budapest
  • EV Global Education Consulting, Delaware 
  • Hungarian Fulbright Commission, Budapest
  • GlobiXe LLC, Rochester
  • Fundatia Tarbut Sighet-Cultura si Educatie Iudaica, Romania

Individual Donors

  • Dr. David Cohen & Ellen Cohen
  • EV Global Education Consulting
  • Stanley Bassin
  • Aubrey H. Fine


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